Quality Improvement

For help in determining if your study is QI or research, please contact the Research Ethics Officer.

QI Research
QI is a systematic approach to review of practices and procedures in order to identify possible improvements and to provide a mechanism for bringing them about Research is a systematic investigation which aims to increase the sum of knowledge. It usually involves the testing of a hypothesis or theory
QI raises questions that might be answered by further research Research generates the knowledge that may be tested in Quality Improvement
QI is a test of whether things are being done as well as they could/should be. It compares current practice with current standards/best practices Research is the act of finding the correct thing to do and identifying the most effective form of intervention. Research may help determine what is or might be best practice.
QI does not consider a completely new treatment, but tests the adherence to a treatment that is considered to be best practice Research may involve a completely new treatment and usually investigates an area where there is no knowledge of the best practice
QI results are “local” to the participant population/location/time Research results can be generalized across a wide population
QI results are generally for “internal” information Research results are generally for “external” information
QI requires the participation of site specific people and departments. The data relates only to the specific site or area Research requires the participation of participants, and others outside of the specific site or area, so that a representative sample can be obtained and the results generalized
QI is a continuous and on-going process which includes a follow up after a period of time Research often will have a defined “end-point” which is researched when an adequate sample size has been obtained
QI results are disseminated at the local or internal level, to educate and publicize how to achieve best practice Research results are published universally to share the knowledge with a wide user base of persons